eugenics


eugenics
евгеника
Учение о наследственном здоровье человека и путях его улучшения; положительные моменты Е. вошли составной частью в медицинскую генетику и генетику человека, в целом - в медицину; принципы Е. сформулированы Ф.Гальтоном в 1869.
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Евгеника — наука об использовании генетических принципов для улучшения наследственных качеств человеческих популяций, рас. Позитивная Е. исследует возможности размножения или сохранения аллелей, обусловливающих желательный фенотип. Негативная Е. изучает методы борьбы с распространением или увеличением частоты аллелей, обусловливающих нежелательный фенотип.

Англо-русский толковый словарь генетических терминов. — М.: Изд-во ВНИРО. . 1995.

Смотреть что такое "eugenics" в других словарях:

  • Eugenics — is the self direction of human evolution : Logo from the Second International Eugenics Conference, 1921, depicting Eugenics as a tree which unites a variety of different fields.[1] Eugenics is the applied science or the bio social movement which… …   Wikipedia

  • Eugenics — • Eugenics literally means good breeding . It is defined as the study of agencies under social control that may improve or impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • eugenics — 1883, coined (along with adj. eugenic) by English scientist Francis Galton (1822 1911) on analogy of ethics, physics, etc. from Gk. eugenes well born, of good stock, of noble race, from eu good (see EU (Cf. eu )) + genos birth (see GENUS (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Eugenics — Eu*gen ics, n. The science of improving stock, whether human or animal. F. Galton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • eugenics — eugenics. См. евгеника. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • eugenics — ► PLURAL NOUN ▪ the science of using controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics in a population. DERIVATIVES eugenic adjective eugenicist noun & adjective. ORIGIN from Greek eu well + gen s born …   English terms dictionary

  • eugenics — [yo͞o jen′iks] n. [< Gr eugenēs (see EUGENE1) + ICS] the movement devoted to improving the human species through the control of hereditary factors in mating …   English World dictionary

  • eugenics — /yooh jen iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population, esp. by such means as discouraging reproduction by persons having genetic defects or… …   Universalium

  • Eugenics — Literally, meaning normal genes, eugenics aims to improve the genetic constitution of the human species by selective breeding. The use of Albert Einstein s sperm to conceive a child (by artificial insemination) would represent an attempt at… …   Medical dictionary

  • eugenics — From the Greek eu (well) and gens (to produce), eugenics refers to the manipulation of the processes of evolutionary selection, in order to improve a particular genetic stock or population. This may be achieved either through ‘negative’ eugenics… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Eugenics —    The ideological foundation of Nazi doctrine rested on its objective of producing a master race of blond, blue eyed Aryans. Because the Nazis believed that race was the primary determinant of national greatness, they sought to improve their… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

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